What is Anomia? A Look at Speech Disorders
Speech or Language Impairments (SLI) is one of the 13 categories for disability recognized by IDEA. There are many reasons why a child may end up with an SLI eligibility for special education including children with autism, aphasia, epilepsy, and many others.
What causes anomia? Well, the most common cause is stroke followed by traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, brain injection, and dementia. There are three types of anomia.
Lexical Anomia: A person with lexical anomia would know how to use an object, and can correctly select the object from a group of objects, but cannot provide the name of the object. Some people with lexical anomia may have issues in naming particular types of objects, such as animals or colors.
Phonological Anomia: This is also known as Conductive Aphasia. This can occur when a person knows the word he/she wants to say but selects the wrong sounds when producing the word. Long words will be especially difficult to pronounce.
Semantic Anomia: This is a disorder in which the meaning of words becomes lost. Unlike patients with lexical anomia, patients with semantic anomia are unable to select the correct object from a group of objects, even when provided the name of the target object.
CEO and Advocate
Michelle Reed-Harris is the mother of six children including surviving quadruplets. Her frustration with doctors and educators led her on a quest to learn about all the facets that touch the quads lives as children with disabilities. In the process, she gained a lot of useful information she could share with others so she started a Facebook group focusing on special education advocacy. The group quickly grew to over 6,000+ members. Recognizing the overwhelming need for assistance, she founded a nonprofit, AESA, allowing her to provide support, advice, and advocacy to parents with children who are outside the (Bell) curve.
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